Intervention Filing to PA Supreme Court in Elliott v Cruz Made Opposing Ted Cruz Ballot Access in PA by Victor Williams, a Candidate for President in PA Primary

Intervention Filing to PA Supreme Court in Elliott v Cruz Made Opposing Ted Cruz Ballot Access in PA by Victor Williams, a Candidate for President in PA Primary

Excerpt from Mr. Williams filing:  ” …  Few would doubt the intelligence [of] Mr. Cruz; he is renown[ed] as a Princeton man, a Harvard-trained lawyer and a “strict-construction” constitutionalist.   But these facts only go to prove the nature of the charged ballot fraud.  Mr. Cruz knew (and knows) that he is not a “natural born citizen.” His actions and statements made to obtain ballot access for this state, and other states where Williams also intends to also bring this challenge, are nothing less than fraudulent. …”

Read the entire filing by Presidential Candidate Victor Williams here:  https://www.scribd.com/doc/306293455/Intervention-Filing-Opposing-Ted-Cruz-Ballot-Access-by-Victor-Williams-Candidate-for-Pres-in-PA

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Read the: The Who What When Where Why and How of the “natural born Citizen” Term in Our U.S. Constitution

A Simple Euler Logic Diagram Shows Logical Relationship of “natural born Citizens” to Other Type “Citizens” of the United States. Only a “natural born Citizen” Can Constitutionally be the President and Commander in Chief or the Vice-President. Click on Image For More Information.
cruzandrubionoteligiblepetitionsbanner(596x130)
Cruz and Rubio were Citizens at Birth of a Foreign Country (Ted of 2 Foreign Countries) – Both NOT a “natural born Citizen” of the United States

Get PDF Copy of Ted Cruz Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here — Get PDF Copy of Marco Rubio Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here – Neither is constitutionally eligible to serve as President and Commander in Chief or Vice President!

More historical and legal papers and analysis on the true constitutional meaning and intent of the founders and framers of the presidential eligibility clause, natural born Citizen, in our U.S. Constitution can be found at this link: http://www.scribd.com/collections/3301209/

CDR Charles Kerchner (Retired)
Lehigh Valley PA USA
http://www.protectourliberty.org/
http://www.scribd.com/protectourliberty/collections/
https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/

P.S. Also read this essay regarding the constitutional term in the presidential eligibility clause “natural born Citizen” and basic logic, i.e., trees are plants but not all plants are trees. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ … AND … http://www.art2superpac.com/issues.html Also watch this video by the renowned constitutional scholar Dr. Herb Titus — Part I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esiZZ-1R7e8 and Part II: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoaZ8WextxQ

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Elliott v Cruz PA Supreme Court Appeal Docket Report Update as of 24 Mar 2016

Elliott v Cruz PA Supreme Court Appeal Docket Report Update as of 24 Mar 2016

constitution_quill_pen-small
Click on the image for more information about the constitutional term “natural born Citizen” of the United States — CDR Kerchner (Ret)

The appeal to the PA Supreme Court is proceeding steadily. Unlike the case in NY, this case in PA was timely and correctly filed per all PA laws. This case goes directly to the merits of Ted Cruz’s lack of constitutional eligibility to be President and Commander in Chief. And of course per the last sentence of the 12th Amendment, Ted Cruz is also not eligible to be the VP either.  Two Amicus Curiae briefs have been submitted to the court advising the court that Ted Cruz is absolutely constitutionally not eligible to be President and Commander in Chief or VP since he is not a “natural born Citizen” of the United States to constitutional standards.

See, read, download, and/or print a copy of the PA Supreme Court Docket Report as of 24 Mar 2016 here: https://www.scribd.com/doc/305899782/Elliott-v-Cruz-PA-Supreme-Court-Appellate-Court-Docket-Report

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Read the: The Who What When Where Why and How of the “natural born Citizen” Term in Our U.S. Constitution

A Simple Euler Logic Diagram Shows Logical Relationship of “natural born Citizens” to Other Type “Citizens” of the United States. Only a “natural born Citizen” Can Constitutionally be the President and Commander in Chief or the Vice-President. Click on Image For More Information.

Get PDF Copy of Ted Cruz Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here — Get PDF Copy of Marco Rubio Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here – Neither is constitutionally eligible to serve as President and Commander in Chief or Vice President!

More historical and legal papers and analysis on the true constitutional meaning and intent of the founders and framers of the presidential eligibility clause, natural born Citizen, in our U.S. Constitution can be found at this link: http://www.scribd.com/collections/3301209/

CDR Charles Kerchner (Retired)
Lehigh Valley PA USA
http://www.protectourliberty.org/
http://www.scribd.com/protectourliberty/collections/
https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/

P.S. Also read this essay regarding the constitutional term in the presidential eligibility clause “natural born Citizen” and basic logic, i.e., trees are plants but not all plants are trees. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ … AND … http://www.art2superpac.com/issues.html Also watch this video by the renowned constitutional scholar Dr. Herb Titus — Part I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esiZZ-1R7e8 and Part II: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoaZ8WextxQ

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Marco Rubio Two Debates Ago Made & Started That Crude & Double Entendre Statement About Donald Trump’s Hands Size But Then Failed to Mention That He (Rubio) is Missing Two Legs!

Marco Rubio Fails Three Legged Stool Test for “natural born Citizen”. Click on Image for Details.
For more click on the image for the correct definition of "natural born Citizen of the United States"
For more click on the image for the correct definition of ‘natural born Citizen’ of the United States

Marco Rubio is Missing Two Legs! – He Cannot Constitutionally Stand for President or Vice-President – He Fails The Three Legged Stool Test for “Natural Born Citizen“.

See the Three Legged Stool Test for “natural born Citizen” of the United States to Constitutional Standards as It Applies to Who Can be President and Commander-in-Chief of Our Military.

Marco Rubio was born to a Cuban Citizen father (minus one leg) and to a Cuban Citizen mother (minus the 2nd leg).

For a Printable PDF File of the Details Click Here.

Marco Rubio was a basic “Citizen” at birth of the United States by being born in Miami FL. But he was also a Cuban “Citizen” at birth via inheriting Cuban citizenship via Jus Sanguinis laws recognized by the U.S. and Cuba from his Cuban foreign national alien parents.  He was born a dual-Citizen of Cuba and the U.S. with divided allegiances at birth. He was born with “foreign influence” on him at and by birth which the founders and framers did NOT want for future Commander in Chiefs of our military forces. He is NOT a “natural born Citizen” to constitutional standards.  Adjectives mean something!  The adjectives “natural born” before the word/noun “Citizen” mean something!

Marco Rubio is definitely NOT constitutionally eligible and is pushing the presidential eligibility envelope, meaning, and originalism understanding of that constitutional term far beyond what the founders and framers understood “natural born Citizen” to mean when they chose that term for who could be the President and Commander in Chief of our military once the founding generation was passed.

A “natural born Citizen” of the United States is a child born with Undivided and Sole Allegiance and Unity of Citizenship at birth to one and only one country — the USA, i.e., a child born in the USA of two (2) U.S. Citizens. The parents can be Citizens by Birth or they can be Citizens by Naturalization later in life after immigrating to the USA. But to create a “natural born Citizen” of the United States both parents must be Citizens at the time the child is born in the USA. See this legal reference book used by the founders and framers of our Constitution: Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law, Vol.1 Chapter 19 Section 212, Emer de Vattel, 1758-1797. The overwhelming majority (probably 75%+) of citizens in the United States are natural born Citizens.

This clause was added for future presidents as a national security clause. It is from the group of natural born Citizens that our founders prescribed in the presidential eligibility clause in Clause 5, Section 1 of Article II of the U.S. Constitution that we shall choose a President and Commander in Chief of our military as a strong check against foreign influence via birth allegiances on the person in that singular and most powerful office. One needs all three citizenship legs to be a natural born Citizen and have sole allegiance and claim on you at birth to one and only one country — the United States: 1. Born in the USA. 2. Father must be a U.S. Citizen (born or naturalized). 3. Mother must be U.S. Citizen (born or naturalized). Like a three legged stool if you take away any of these three citizenship legs of the Article II constitutional intent and requirement to being a natural born Citizen, i.e., being born with unity of citizenship in and sole allegiance to the USA, the child is born with more than one country’s citizenship and claim of allegiance/citizenship on them at their birth and thus they are NOT a natural born Citizen of the United States.

In this test and analogy of a stool designed to stand on three legs and if it is missing a leg, it falls down, likewise the person’s claim to ‘natural born Citizenship’ fails if the person does not have all three citizenship legs required to be a natural born Citizen at the time of their birth. See the below Venn Diagram which logically and graphically shows how a natural born Citizen has the intersection and unity of all three Citizenship statuses at birth. Read this essay “ Of Trees and Plants” on basic logic which explains that being simply a “Citizen at Birth (CAB)” does not necessarily make oneself a “natural born Citizen (NBC) at Birth”. Natural born Citizens are overwhelmingly the largest subset of all American citizens. The location of birth being in the U.S. to a U.S. father and U.S. mother … all being U.S. Citizens at the time of birth is the only way one achieves natural born Citizenship status.

Natural born Citizenship is gained by the laws of nature not by any man-made law or statute or even a constitutional amendment granting that status. Natural born Citizens need no act of man for their Citizenship was created by nature and nature’s Creator. Natural born Citizens of the United States have sole allegiance to one and only one country at birth … the United States. No foreign power or country can claim their allegiance under U.S. law or the Law of Nations. Over 75% of American citizens fit that requirement, i.e., born in the USA of two U.S. Citizen (born or naturalized) parents. Natural born citizens are the 3 Leaf Clovers of the American citizens, Not the 4 Leaf Clovers. It is from those 75% of American citizens that our founders and framers directed us via Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution that we shall choose our President and Commander-in-Chief, not a dual-citizen son of a foreign national and British Subject father who was never even an immigrant to this country, and said child being born a British subject himself via his foreign national father, as is the case with Obama’s birth status.  Nor for the case of Ted Cruz who was born in Canada (and thus is a Canadian citizen by birth) to a foreign national Cuban father (and thus also a Cuban citizen by birth).  Cruz and Obama were born with multiple allegiances and citizenship at birth.  Nor for the case of Marco Rubio who while born in the USA was born to two foreign national (Cuban Citizens). None of these three are a “natural born Citizen” of the United States and none are constitutionally eligible to serve as President and Commander in Chief of our Military.

A Simple Euler Logic Diagram Shows Logical Relationship of “natural born Citizens” to Other Type “Citizens” of the United States. Only a “natural born Citizen” Can Constitutionally be the President and Commander in Chief or the Vice-President. Click on Image For More Information.

Read this: The Who What When Where Why and How of the “natural born Citizen” Term in Our U.S. Constitution

More historical and legal papers and analysis on the true constitutional meaning and intent of the founders and framers of the presidential eligibility clause, natural born Citizen, in our U.S. Constitution can be found at this link: http://www.scribd.com/collections/3301209/

CDR Charles Kerchner, P.E. (Retired)
Lehigh Valley PA USA
http://www.protectourliberty.org/
http://www.scribd.com/protectourliberty/collections/
https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/

P.S. Also read — Redux for People Seeking Constitutionally Eligible Presidential Candidates: http://www.scribd.com/doc/160107354/Natural-Born-Citizen-3-Not-4-Leaf-Clover-Type-of-Citizenship

P.P.S. Also read this essay regarding the constitutional term in the presidential eligibility clause “natural born Citizen” and basic logic, i.e., trees are plants but not all plants are trees. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ … AND … http://www.art2superpac.com/issues.html Also watch this video by the renowned constitutional scholar Dr. Herb Titus — Part I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esiZZ-1R7e8 and Part II: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoaZ8WextxQ

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Dual Nationality – U.S. Citizens Born of Cuban Fathers (e.g. Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio) – See U.S. Embassy Warnings About Your ‘Cuban Citizenship at Birth’ Status

Cruz and Rubio were Citizens at Birth of a Foreign Country (Ted of 2 Foreign Countries) –  Both NOT a “natural born Citizen” of the United States

Get PDF Copy of Cruz Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here — Get PDF Copy of Rubio Foreign Citizenship Facts Petition Here

Dual Nationality U.S. Citizens Emanating From Having Foreign National Parents Who Were Legally in the USA When Their Children Were Born in the USA. This is Especially True When One Had a Foreign National Non-U.S. Citizen Father. Said Children Are U.S. “Citizens” via Birth on the Soil of the USA and They are Also “Citizens” at Birth of Their Father’s Country. They are Dual-Citizens or Dual-Nationals at Birth.

Cuban-Flag-with-Ted-Cruz
Cuban Citizen at Birth via His Cuban Citizen Foreign National Father
MarcoRubioWithCubanFlag
Cuban Citizen at Birth Via His Cuban Citizen Foreign National Father and Mother

A Special Extra Note for Ted Cruz’s Status: In Ted’s case he got his claim to U.S. Citizenship via his U.S. born mother. He was not born on U.S. soil. Ted was born in Canada and came to the USA later as a youngster. Ted was a Tri-Citizen at Birth.

Current U.S. Laws and International Treaties signed by the U.S. recognize these Dual-Nationality facts re the ‘Jus Soli’ and ‘Jus Sanguinis’ separate paths to basic “Citizenship” at birth which can result in the child obtaining ‘Dual-Citizenship” at birth. Such is the case for Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz who both had Cuban National father’s when they were born.

Cuba has been and still is particularly aggressive in its claims to natural rights over it Citizens born to Cuban nationals abroad no matter where born, i.e., people born of Cuban fathers such as Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz.

See this warning shown below to “Dual-U.S. and Cuban Citizens” about Cuban Nationality Law and Dual Nationality — per the U.S. Government’s official webpage at the Embassy of the United States in Havana Cuba.

U.S. Citizen Services webpage – Embassy of U.S. in Havana Cuba:  http://havana.usembassy.gov/service.html

Dual Nationality:  The Government of Cuba does not recognize the U.S. nationality of U.S. citizens who are Cuban-born or are the children of Cuban parents.  These individuals will be treated solely as Cuban citizens and may be subject to a range of restrictions and obligations, including military service.  The Cuban government may require U.S. citizens, whom the Government of Cuba considers to be Cuban, to enter and depart Cuba using a Cuban passport.  Using a Cuban passport for this purpose does not jeopardize one’s U.S. citizenship; however, such persons must use their U.S. passports to enter and depart the United States.  There have been cases of Cuban-American dual nationals being forced by the Cuban government to surrender their U.S. passports.  Despite these restrictions, Cuban-American dual nationals who fall ill may only be treated at hospitals for foreigners (except in emergencies).  See the paragraph below on Consular Access for information on Cuba’s denial of consular services to dual American-Cuban nationals who have been arrested, as well as the paragraph below on Children’s Issues for information on how dual-nationality may affect welfare inquiries and custody disputes.

Cuban-American dual nationals should be especially wary of any attempt by Cuban authorities to compel them to sign “repatriation” documents.  The Government of Cuba views a declaration of repatriation as a legal statement on the part of the dual national that she/he intends to resettle permanently in Cuba.  In several instances, the Government of Cuba has seized the U.S. passport of dual nationals signing declarations of repatriation and has denied these individuals permission to return to the United States. “

Of course Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz being the straight forward, completely open, and the intellectually honest persons they are [NOT] about their birth citizenship status as “Citizens” at birth for more than one country, will now tell us they did not realize that they were “Cuban Citizens” at birth when they were born?  They are so intelligent they claim in other matters but as their birth status … they just never knew they held more than one citizenship at birth.

Questions:  Have either of them ever officially renounced their “Cuban Citizenship at Birth” status.  If so, when and where?  If not, why not?  Do they not think the American Electorate would be worried about having a “Cuban Citizen at Birth” as President and Commander in Chief of our military?  I think the American Electorate needs these questions answered before Super Tuesday.  The major media needs to ask both these candidates all those questions and tell us the answers they got.

CDR Charles Kerchner, P.E. (Retired)
Lehigh Valley PA USA
http://www.protectourliberty.org/
http://www.scribd.com/protectourliberty/collections/
https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/

P.S. Also read — A reminder for people seeking Constitutionally Eligible presidential candidates – There are many of them in the USA. We don’t have to pick dual-Citizens: http://www.scribd.com/doc/160107354/Natural-Born-Citizen-3-Not-4-Leaf-Clover-Type-of-Citizenship

P.P.S. Also read this essay regarding the constitutional term in the presidential eligibility clause “natural born Citizen” and basic logic, i.e., trees are plants but not all plants are trees. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ … AND … http://www.art2superpac.com/issues.html Also watch this video by the renowned constitutional scholar Dr. Herb Titus — Part I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esiZZ-1R7e8 and Part II: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xoaZ8WextxQ

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Vattel and the American Dream: An Inquiry into the Reception of the Legal Treatise ‘Law of Nations’ in the United States

Click on image for more on the importance of Vattel's writings to the founders of our country and framers of our Constitution
Click on image for more info on the importance of Vattel’s writings to the founders of our country and framers of our Constitution

Vattel and the American Dream: An Inquiry into the Reception of the Legal Treatise ‘Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law’ in the United States | by Vincent Chetail – Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (HEI)

[ Or as I would put it:  The man of the enlightenment period whose writings greatly influenced and helped the American Revolutionaries and the Founders & Framers and thus changed the world – Emer de Vattel – via his legal treatise and discussions in Volume 1 about the formation of a nation using principles of Natural Law which would be governed by a written Constitution and the natural law nature of who are the members of that society and the method by which it perpetuates itself ‘The Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law, Vol.1 Chap. 19‘ — CDR Kerchner (Ret) ]

Abstract: No other book on international law has been more widely read and cited than “The Law of Nations” by Vattel. The present article identifies and analyses the various reasons that explain Vattel’s authority in the United States. It first retraces his influence on the Founding Fathers, on the subsequent diplomatic and judicial practice, and on the legal doctrine in the United States. The article then examines his conception of national sovereignty as the most decisive reason explaining Vattel’s influence in the United States and the overall impact of his work.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 50

Keywords: Vattel, history of international law, law of nations, founding fathers, sovereignty, state equality, independence, right of resistance, legal philosophy, natural law, positive law

Read and download a copy of this important paper about Vattel and his legal treatise ‘The Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law’ influence on the American Colonies and the founders of our nation at this link:  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2364449

Vattel’s preeminent legal treatise ‘The Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law’ of the founding period defines who is a “natural born Citizen” of a country:  http://lonang.com/library/reference/vattel-law-of-nations/vatt-119/

Read more about Vattel’s influence on American common law and the founders of our nation and the framers of our founding documents by Article II constitutional expert Atty Mario Apuzzo:  http://puzo1.blogspot.com/2009/08/law-of-nations-and-not-english-common.html and for many more legal essays about our founding documents and constitutional terms therein written by Atty Apuzzo and the importance of such on current political events see: http://puzo1.blogspot.com

Get a one page flier about this Swiss writer’s paper on the influence of Emer de Vattel’s writings on the founding of our country to use as an educational handout at this link: https://www.scribd.com/doc/301499353/Vattel-and-the-American-Dream

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Obama Not Constitutionally Eligible to be the President and Commander of our Military. Click Image for the Proof.
Cruz and Rubio (and Obama) Not Constitutionally Eligible to be the President and Commander of our Military. Click Image for the Proof.

A Lesson from History. Is Being Born a Citizen (Citizen at/by Birth) of the United States of Sufficient Citizenship Status to be President of the United States and Commander in Chief of Our Military? The Founders and Framers Emphatically Decided … No, It Was Not!

By: CDR Charles F. Kerchner, Jr., P.E. (Retired)

During the process of developing a new U.S. Constitution Alexander Hamilton submitted a suggested draft for a Constitution on June 18, 1787. At some point, he also suggested to the framers a proposal for the qualification requirements in Article II as to the necessary Citizenship status for the office of President and Commander in Chief of the Military. Another version of Hamilton’s proposed Constitution and which principles were stated during the convention’s deliberations per Madison notes and journal (see work of Farrand – pg 619), was given to Madison near the close of the convention for inclusion in Madison record of events for the convention. Hamilton’s proposed Constitution was not accepted.

Alexander Hamilton’s suggested presidential eligibility clause:

“No person shall be eligible to the office of President of the United States unless he be now a Citizen of one of the States, or hereafter be born a Citizen of the United States.”

Many of the founders and framers rightly had a fear of foreign influence on the person who would in the future be President of the United States since this particular office was singularly and uniquely powerful under the proposed new Constitution. The President was also to be the Commander in Chief of the military. This fear of foreign influence on a future President and Commander in Chief was particularly strongly felt by John Jay, who later became the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He felt so strongly about the issue of potential foreign influence that he took it upon himself to draft a letter to General George Washington, the presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention, recommending/hinting that the framers should strengthen the Citizenship requirements. John Jay was an avid reader and proponent of natural law and particularly Vattel’s treatise on Natural Law and the Law of Nations. In his letter to Washington he said that the Citizenship requirement for the office of the commander of our armies should contain a “strong check” against foreign influence and he recommended to Washington that the command of the military be open only to a “natural born Citizen”. Thus Jay did not agree that simply being a “born Citizen” or “born a Citizen” was sufficient enough protection from foreign influence in the singular most powerful office in the new form of government. He wanted another adjective added to the eligibility clause, i.e., ‘natural’. And that word natural goes to the Citizenship status of one’s parents, both of them, when their child is born, as per natural law.

The below is the relevant proposed change language from Jay’s letter which he proposed to strengthen the citizenship requirements in Article II and to require more than just being a “born Citizen” of the United States to serve as a future Commander in Chief and President.

John Jay wrote in a letter to George Washington dated 25 Jul 1787:

“Permit me to hint, whether it would be wise and seasonable to provide a strong check to the admission of Foreigners into the administration of our national Government; and to declare expressly that the Commander in Chief of the American army shall not be given to nor devolve on, any but a natural born Citizen. “

See a transcription of Jay’s letter to Washington at this link. This letter from Jay was written on July 25, 1787. General Washington passed on the recommendation from Jay to the convention and it was adopted in the final draft and was accepted adding the adjective “natural” making it “natural born Citizen of the United States” for future Presidents and Commanders in Chief of the military, rather than Hamilton’s proposed “born a Citizen”. Thus Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution, the fundamental law of our nation reads:

Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of U.S. Constitution as adopted 17 Sep 1787:

“No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.”

There you have the crux of the issue now before the nation and the answer.

Hamilton’s proposed principles for a Constitution and a presidential citizenship eligibility requirement therein requiring that a Citizen simply had to be ‘born a Citizen’ of the USA, i.e., a Citizen by Birth. See Madison’s comment in his journal of the convention re this fact in which it reports as follows: ” … Copy of a paper Communicated to J. M. by Col. Hamilton, about the close of the Convention in Philada. 1787, which he said delineated the Constitution which he would have wished to be proposed by the Convention: He had stated the principles of it in the course of the deliberations. …” — 3 Max Farrand, The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, at 619-630 (1911) – page 619. But that citizenship status for who could be President was rejected by the framers as insufficient. Instead of allowing any person “born a citizen” to be President and Commander of the military, the framers chose to adopt the more stringent requirement recommended by John Jay via George Washington, i.e., requiring the Citizen to be a “natural born Citizen“, to block any chance of the person with foreign influence or allegiances or claims on their allegiance at birth from becoming President and Commander of the Military. No person having any foreign influence or claim of allegiance on them at birth could serve as a future President. The person must be a “natural born citizen” with unity of citizenship and sole allegiance to the United States at birth.

Jay’s proposal and recommended clause added the additional adjective of “natural” before simply being a “born Citizen” which was proposed by Hamilton. And that word and adjective “natural” means something special from the laws of nature that modifies just being born a Citizen of the USA such as being simply born on the soil of the United States. Natural means from nature by the facts of nature of one’s birth. Not created retroactively after the fact by a man-made law. A natural born Citizen needs no man-made law to bestow Citizenship on them. The added adjective “natural” comes from Natural Law which is recognized the world over as universal law and which is the foundation of the Law of Nations which was codified by Vattel in 1758 in his preeminent legal treatise used by the founders, The Law of Nations or Principles of Natural Law. In Vol.1 Chapter 19 of Vattel’s Law of Nations, the “Des citoyens et naturels“, Vattel in Section 212 explains to us (the French term “naturels” was translated to English in 1781 in the Journal of the Continental Congress and in the 1797 English edition of Vattel), to tell us that the “natural born Citizens” are those born in the country to parents (plural) who are Citizens of the country when their child is born. These are the natural Citizens of the nation per universal principles of natural law for which no man-made law is necessary to explain or justify. Such a person, a natural born Citizen, is born with unity of Citizenship and sole allegiance at birth due to having been both born on the soil AND being born to two Citizen parents. The person who would be President must be a second generation American with no foreign claims of allegiance on them at birth under the law of nations and natural law, the child of two Citizens and born in the USA. This is a much stronger check to foreign influence than simply being born a Citizen say on the soil of the USA but with one or the other parent being a foreigner, such as is the case of Obama. The situation with Obama’s birth Citizenship status is exactly the problem that the founders and framers did not want. They did not want the child of a foreign national, non-U.S. citizen serving as President and Commander of our military. This was a national security concern to them. And it is a national security concern now.

Another founder of our nation and great historian of the American Revolution named David Ramsay contemporaneously defined in a 1789 essay what the term “natural born Citizen” means. Read a copy of Ramsay’s original dissertation at this link. Other research papers from history on the term “natural born Citizen” published long before the current controversy was created by the 2008 election debacle can be read at this link. The paper by Breckenridge Long in 1916 is a particularly good one.

The current defacto president and unconstitutional occupier of the Oval Office Barack Hussein Obama II may or may not be a born Citizen of the USA depending on what the 1961 contemporaneous birth registration documents sealed in Hawaii reveal. And Americans have good reason to be greatly concerned about the truth as to where he was physically born as opposed to where his birth may have been falsely registered by his maternal grandmother as occurring in Hawaii as this Catalog of Evidence details. But he can never be a “natural born Citizen of the United States” since his father was a foreigner, a British Subject who was never a U.S. Citizen and was not even an immigrant to the USA. Since his father was a British Subject and not a U.S. Citizen when Obama was born, Obama was born a British Subject. The founders and framers are probably rolling over in their graves knowing this person was sworn in as the putative President and Commander of our military.

Ted Cruz was born a citizen of Canada due his birth in Canada to a Cuban father. Marco Rubio was born a citizen of Cuba due to his birth to two Cuban national parents when he was born. And Bobby Jindal was born a citizen of India due to his birth to parents who were citizens of India when he was born. Thus all three were born with citizenship in more than one country and divided allegiances at birth.

The founders rejected acquisition of Citizenship by birth on the soil without consideration as to who were the parents. That is clear from the history and evolution of the writing the eligibility clause in Article II, Section 1, Clause 5, which specifies who can be President and Commander in Chief of the military.

So, is a person who is simply being declared “born a Citizen” at/by birth by STATUTORY LAWS passed at some point in time by Congress, and liberalized more and more from time to time by Congress, per its “Naturalization Powers” permitted constitutionally to be President of the USA? The answer is a resounding NO per the founders and framers. Being a “born Citizen the United States” is a necessary but NOT sufficient part of being a “natural born Citizen of the United States”. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ Only a “natural born Citizen” can be the President of the USA and Commander in Chief of our military. Obama is NOT a natural born Citizen of the USA and is thus constitutionally not eligible (to constitutional standards) to serve as President and Commander in Chief of the military. And the same goes for Cruz, Rubio, and Jindal.

SBTP Dolly Madison Quote du Jour: “The Constitution was signed September 17, 1787, by 39 brave men who changed the world.”

CDR Charles Kerchner, P.E. (Retired)
Lehigh Valley PA USA
http://www.scribd.com/protectourliberty/collections/
http://www.protectourliberty.org
https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com

P.S. Here is a chart which lists and explains the five (5) Citizenship terms used in the U.S. Constitution.
P.P.S. Being a “born Citizen” or “Citizen at Birth” is not identically the same as a being a “natural born Citizen”.
P.P.P.S. Obama is NOT a “natural born Citizen of the United States” to U.S. Constitutional standards. Read this essay regarding the legal term of art “natural born Citizen” and basic logic, i.e., trees are plants but not all plants are trees. Natural born Citizens are a subset of “born Citizens (citizens at birth)”. All “natural born Citizens” are “born Citizens (citizens at birth) but not all “born Citizens (citizens at birth)” are “natural born Citizens”: https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2012/06/20/of-natural-born-citizens-and-citizens-at-birth-and-basic-logic-trees-are-plants-but-not-all-plants-are-trees-natural-born-citizens-nbc-are-citizens-at-birth-cab-but-not-all-cab/ Also read the “Three Legged Stool Test” for Natural Born Citizen https://cdrkerchner.wordpress.com/2013/11/15/the-three-legged-stool-test-analogy-for-natural-born-citizenship-of-the-united-states-to-constitutional-standards/ … AND … http://www.art2superpac.com/issues.html Also watch this video by the renowned constitutional scholar Dr. Herb Titus: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esiZZ-1R7e8